20th Century - Psychology

Emma Jung

Emma Jung (born Emma Marie Rauschenbach, 30 March 1882 – 27 November 1955) was a Swiss Jungian analyst and author. She married Carl Jung, financing and helping him to become the prominent psychiatrist and founder of analytical psychology, and together they had five children. She was his “intellectual editor” to the end of her life.[1] After her death, Jung is said to have described her as “a Queen”.

Early life

Emma Rauschenbach was the daughter of a wealthy industrialist, Johannes Rauschenbach, the then owner of IWC Schaffhausen.[2] At the time of her marriage she was the second-richest heiress in Switzerland.[3]

Family life

Emma Rauschenbach first met C. G. Jung in 1896 when she was still a schoolgirl, through a connection of his mother. Jung reported at the time that he knew then that one day Emma would be his wife. The couple married on 14 February 1903, seven years later. They had five children (four daughters and one son):[4]

  • Agathe Niehus, born on December 28, 1904
  • Gret Baumann, born on February 8, 1906
  • Franz Jung-Merker, born on November 28, 1908
  • Marianne Niehus, born on September 20, 1910
  • Helene Hoerni, born on March 18, 1914

Upon her father’s death in 1905, Emma and her sister, together with their husbands, became owners of IWC Schaffhausen – the International Watch Company, manufacturers of luxury time-pieces. Emma’s brother-in-law became the principal proprietor, but the Jungs remained shareholders in a thriving business that ensured the family’s financial security for decades.[2]

Emma Jung not only took a strong interest in her husband’s work, but assisted him and became a noted analyst in her own right. She developed a particular focus on the Grail. She had a brief correspondence of her own with Sigmund Freud, during 1910–11.[5] In 1906, Freud interpreted several of Jung’s dreams of the period as portending the “failure of a marriage for money” (das Scheitern einer Geldheirat).[6]

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *